Health officials are advising individuals to stay indoors when temperatures get bitterly cold. But if you have to go outdoors, dress warmly. Wear layered clothing, mittens or gloves, and a hat. Outer garments should be tightly woven and water repellent. Mittens or gloves and a hat will prevent the loss of body heat. Cover your mouth to protect your lungs from severely cold air. Avoid taking deep breaths and minimize talking. Watch for signs of hypothermia and frostbite. The signs of hypothermia are confusion, dizziness, exhaustion, and severe shivering. If someone has these symptoms, they should get immediate medical attention. Symptoms of frostbite include numbness…flushed gray, white, blue, or yellow skin discoloration, numbness, or waxy feeling skin.
Keep dry. Change wet clothing frequently to prevent a loss of body heat. Wet clothing loses much of its insulating value and transmits heat rapidly away from the body.